NASHVILLE, – Howard L. Young, 75, the founder of a Nashville-based holistic wellness business was sentenced Friday by U.S. District Judge William L. Campbell, Jr. to eight years in prison, announced Acting U.S. Attorney Mary Jane Stewart for the Middle District of Tennessee. Judge Campbell also ordered Young to pay $693,128.66 in restitution for operating a Ponzi scheme, in which he duped over 80 patients, financial institutions and investors out of nearly $700,000,
Young was charged in a criminal Information in October 2020 with four counts of bank fraud; six counts of wire fraud; and aggravated identity theft. He pleaded guilty in December.
The charging documents allege, and Young admitted, that in 2015, Young founded Integrative Medical Services (IMS), purportedly a holistic wellness business. Young also held himself out to hold a Doctor of Naturopathy but did not hold a Medical Doctorate and did not have a medical license.
As early as 2017, Young began soliciting cancer patients, investors, and employees, telling them that he had obtained a $2 million grant from Vanderbilt University to study cancer patients and other patients with chronic medical conditions. Young claimed he was awarded this grant because he had cured himself of cancer using naturopathic methods. Young also promised that, as part of the “study,” patients would receive nutritional supplements, blood testing, nutrition and exercise coaching, gym memberships, massages, and acupuncture. For his scheme, Young targeted approximately 80 vulnerable victims, many of whom had been diagnosed with cancer or other debilitating medical conditions.
In order to participate in the “study,” Young told patients that Vanderbilt required an up-front payment of $10,000 but the funds would be returned to them at the conclusion of one year. If patients could not afford to pay the upfront money, they were required to secure a CareCredit credit card or open a Health Credit Services account. Each of these products is designed to assist patients in paying for medical treatments and functions like a revolving line of credit or an unsecured installment loan and requires the patient to make monthly installment payments. Young promised patients that he would hold the initial funds withdrawn in escrow and would make all monthly payments and would pay off all existing balances at the conclusion of one year, so long as the patient continued to abide by all study protocols.
In fact, Vanderbilt had not awarded any grants to Young or IMS. Young’s representations that IMS had a grant from Vanderbilt were false and was intended to induce patients to apply for and obtain credit and loan accounts at Synchrony Bank, MetaBank, and Cross River Bank; to induce investors to give him funds for his fraudulent scheme; and to induce employees to help him solicit additional patients to participate in his fraudulent scheme. Young even convinced one victim to transfer the title of his house to him in order to participate in the “study.”
Young did not hold the money in escrow as he promised and withdrew a portion of the funds for his own personal use, made payments to his personal credit cards, and made minimum payments on account holders’ credit accounts and loan accounts. Patients did not routinely receive the nutritional supplements promised by Young, nor did they receive nutrition and exercise coaching, gym memberships, massages, or acupuncture as promised. To further conceal his scheme, Young also changed the mailing addresses for patients’ accounts at CareCredit and HCS so that the monthly account statements went to a post office box he controlled. Young made minimum payments on the CareCredit and HCS accounts to conceal the fraud and to keep his scheme going so that he could recruit additional patients to participate in the fictitious grant study.
IMS generated little, if any, revenue. The vast majority of funds flowing into IMS were deposits from the CareCredit credit accounts and the HCS loan accounts. By July 2019, Young had received a total of approximately $669,470 from CareCredit and HCS.
This case was investigated by the FBI. Assistant U.S. Attorney Kathryn W. Booth prosecuted the case.